Baghdad Science Journal | Current Issue

Volume 15 - Issue 3

(18 Articles)

(P) ISSN:2078-8665

(E) ISSN:2411-7986

 English  /  عربي


2018 > Issue 2 > Volume 15

Structural Analysis of Chemical and Green Synthesis of CuO Nanoparticles and their Effect on Biofilm Formation

Zainab J. Shanan|Sabah M. Hadi|Sabeeha K. Shanshool

Abstract:

Copper oxide nanoparticles (CuO NPs) were synthesized by two methods. The first was chemical method by using copper nitrate Cu (NO3)2 and NaOH, while the second was green method by using Eucalyptus camaldulensis leaves extract and Cu (NO3)2. These methods easily give a large scale production of CuO nanoparticles. X-ray diffraction pattern (XRD) reveals single phase monoclinic structure. The average crystalline size of CuO NPs was measured and used by Scherrer equation which found 44.06nm from chemical method, while the average crystalline size was found from green method was 27.2nm. The morphology analysis using atomic force microscopy showed that the grain size for CuO NPs was synthesized by chemical and green methods were 77.70 and 89.24 nm, respectively. The effectiveness of copper oxide nanoparticles on bacteria was measured for both gram positive, negative and fungi, copper oxide minutes showed excellent efficacy on biofilm formation. .

Keywords:

Copper oxide nanoparticles (CuO NPs), Chemical method, Green method, Atomic Force Microscopy, Bacteria, Fungi and Biofilm.

Published Date:04/06/2018 | Total Downloads:(31) | Doi:( http://dx.doi.org/10.21123/bsj.2018.15.2.0211 )